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  • China is building first 'forest city' of 40,000 trees to fight air pollution

     

    In the wake of President Trump's decision to remove America from the Paris Climate agreement, you'd be forgiven for feeling a little negative about the future of the planet.

    With reports of huge cracks appearing in the Antarctic ice, fears that preventing the two degree heating of the planet might be a pipe dream, and the world's food supplies at risk - everything looks and sounds grim.

    Fortunately though, there are some good news stories on the horizon; with many of them coming from China. The country has been leading the way when it comes to 'green living' in recent years, with the government announcing it had completed construction of the world's largest floating solar farm. Now, in an attempt to curb the production of toxic gasses, the country is continuing to pave the way (so to speak) with the construction of one of the world's first 'forest cities'.

    Designed by Stefano Boeri, who you might remember also designed two vertical skyscraper 'forests', the city is currently under construction in Liuzhou, Guangxi Province.

    Once completed, the new city will reportedly host 30,000 people and - thanks to the abundance of trees and plants - will absorb almost 10,000 tons of CO2, 57 tons of pollutants per year and produce approximately 900 tons of oxygen annually.

    The city will achieve these rather impressive figures thanks to roughly a million plants from over 100 species, as well as 40,000 trees being planted in facades over almost every surface imaginable.

    The new Liuzhou Forest City will connect to the existing Liuzhou via a series of fast rail services and electric cars; it will also reportedly house a number of schools and two hospitals. There are also plans to make the city self-sustainable with regards to power, thanks to geothermal and solar energy resources.

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  • 10 Tooth Brushing Mistakes You Must Avoid

     

    Brushing your teeth as part of your morning and evening rituals plays an important role in oral hygiene. It helps you maintain good oral health by removing food particles, debris and plaque from your teeth and bacteria from your mouth.

    Good oral health also impacts your overall health. It helps prevent respiratory diseases, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, improve cognitive functioning and prevent stomach disorders.

    Although tooth brushing is a common task, many of us do not do it correctly. There are many common mistakes that we all commit. To maintain good oral health, you must be aware of these mistakes and avoid them.

    Here are the top 10 tooth brushing mistakes that you must avoid.

    Mistake #1: Using the Wrong Toothbrush

    Toothbrushes come in different sizes, and most people do not know which size to purchase and often do not give it any thought. To clean your teeth correctly, you need to use a properly sized toothbrush.

    If it’s too big, you may have to strain your mouth to keep it open. If it is too small, then proper cleaning will not be possible. When a toothbrush feels good in your hand and mouth and reaches every tooth, then it is the right size.

    You can buy a manual or an electronic toothbrush, whichever you prefer. People who have arthritis or pain in their hands, arms or shoulders may find that an electronic toothbrush is a good option.

    Mistake #2: Choosing the Wrong Bristles

    Just like there are different sizes of toothbrushes, they are also made with different bristles. They may have straight, round, angled or zigzag bristles. Dentists say that angled bristles are generally the best, as they help clean all the teeth properly irrespective of their position.

    Along with the pattern, you need to consider the quality of the bristles. Avoid using a brush with hard and stiff bristles that can erode your dental enamel, irritate your gums and cause recession. Always use a soft-to medium-bristled toothbrush.

    Mistake #3: Using the Wrong Brushing Technique

    We all brush our teeth daily, but we do not give much thought to the technique. The American Dental Association has prepared this guideline on the correct brushing technique:

    1. Align the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to your gum line.
    2. Using short, gentle strokes, move the toothbrush back and forth around your teeth.
    3. Then brush circularly or vertically around the outer, inner and chewing surfaces of all your teeth.
    4. When done, brush your tongue to remove bacteria and prevent bad breath.
    5. Finish by rinsing your mouth thoroughly.

    By following this guideline, you can keep your teeth clea, remove plaque, prevent cavities and get rid of bacteria in your mouth.

    Mistake #4: Not Brushing Adequately

    For overall oral health, the American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth at least twice a day and preferably three times. You must brush in the morning, before going to bed and, if needed, after eating a meal. This will help remove plaque and neutralize the pH of your mouth, keeping your teeth clean and healthy.

     

    You must also brush for 2 minutes, but most people do not follow this routine. To ensure you are spending the required time brushing, divide your teeth into four sections: top left, top right, bottom left and bottom right. While brushing, spend 30 seconds in each section.

    Mistake #5: Brushing Too Frequently

    Some people are overly hygiene-conscious and end up brushing their teeth too frequently. If you brush more than 3 times a day, it can harm your teeth. It can lead to recession of the gum line as well as hastened erosion of dental enamel.

    So, it is advisable not to overdo it. The trick to good oral health is to brush gently for 2 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day.

    Mistake #6: Starting at the Same Spot Each Time

    Most of us start brushing our teeth at the same spot. It’s a common mistake. When we start at a particular point every time we pick up a toothbrush, there is a high chance of getting lazy once we reach the last quadrant of our teeth. This means proper cleaning is not done.

    To clean your teeth thoroughly, dentists recommend to start brushing in a different place each time. This way, all your teeth will get equal time and cleaning. 

    Mistake #7: Ignoring the Inner Surfaces of the Teeth

    While brushing our teeth in the busy morning time, our minds might be preoccupied and we can forget to brush our teeth’s inner surfaces. Such a mistake can lead to a buildup of plaque on the inner surfaces. This can be just as damaging as the plaque on the front of your teeth.

    When brushing, do not focus only on the front of your teeth because it’s the side that is most visible.  You must also brush the inner surfaces of all your teeth to maintain good oral health.

    Mistake #8: Not Rinsing Your Toothbrush After Use

    In our rush to get out of the house in the morning or off to bed at night, we often don’t take time to rinse our toothbrush properly after using it. Due to this, bacteria and food debris remain on the bristles, which may cause infection and gum disease later on. Plus, it may cause the bristles on the brush to become hard.

    To prevent reintroducing bacteria and other germs into your mouth the next time you brush, rinse your toothbrush thoroughly after each use. It is best to hold the toothbrush under running tap water for 1 minute and then allow it to air dry. This will help remove any leftover toothpaste, bacteria and food particles.

    Mistake #9: Storing Your Toothbrush Wet

    Perhaps you are already vigilant about rinsing your toothbrush after each use, but do you put it away in the bathroom cabinet when it is still wet?

    A damp toothbrush becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, and the next time you use it, you are unknowingly introducing bacteria into your mouth, which can cause bad breath and other gum diseases.

    To rectify this mistake, after rinsing your toothbrush, shake off the extra moisture and store it in a brush holder with a cap that allows air in. You can even dry out your toothbrush in the sun for a few minutes. Plus, you can keep two toothbrushes handy, so that one is always dry.

     

    Mistake #10: Not Replacing Your Old Toothbrush

    Many of us use a toothbrush as long as we can. But this is a big mistake that you must avoid. After using a toothbrush for a few months, the bristles start bending and become frayed. A toothbrush in this condition will not clean your teeth properly. Dental experts recommend replacing a toothbrush every 3 to 4 months.

    Take a close look at your brush regularly and make sure the bristles are flexible and straight. If the bristles look frayed, change your toothbrush immediately.

    Resources:

    http://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Science%20and%20Research/Files/watch_materials_brush.ashx

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  • You Are Not Fat! Your Stomach Is Bloated And Here Is How To Get Rid Of It!

    Being bloated sucks. It not only feels bad, but it can look bad. Many believe they are actually fat, when in fact it is the bloat that is causing their belly to appear distended.

    Take the case of the typical “skinny-fat” guy. He’s the dude who is totally skinny, yet his belly seems to jet out like a small balloon. He’s likely overly bloated.

     

    The following are causes which create a bloated stomach:

    Insufficient water intake

    Not getting enough water and dehydration are reasons for many health ailments. Too much coffee or booze can add to this issue. Not many people get in the necessary 6-8 glasses of water per day.

    Fluid retention can occur as the body isn’t getting enough water, thus causing bloat. So the answer is simply to drink enough water throughout the day!

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    Constipation

    Not pleasant and it means you need to consume more fiber! You’ll have gas trapped behind that build up and that gas is going to want to get out!

    Gradually eat fiber, not too much at a time. Whole grain bread, not white bread. Smoothies, berries and other fibrous foods in decent amounts is key.

    Chronic stress

    Yes, stress can make you bloat. The digestive system can’t function properly when you are under stressful conditions. Stomach ache and constipation may occur. Settle yourself down and rid yourself of negativity to help alleviate stress.

    Eating too fast

    Chew your food and eat slowly, allowing your food to properly digest. Too fast and you’ll get bloated from slowly digested food.

    Carbohydrates

    Nothing will bloat you faster than stuffing too many carbs down. Cut down on carbs, focus on lower carb foods and less sugar and alcohol intake. Fresh fruits should be consumed and eat a lot of veggies as these are the good carbs that won’t cause excessive bloat.

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  • Top 10: Things Women Hate About Men

    When you ask women about the things they hate about men, the list will practically be endless. While the things that women hate about men is a combination of big and small things, this article will describe the top 10 things women find most annoying about the men in their lives:

    1. Having a foul mouth
    While it’s true that most women don’t mind a swear word here and there when you get upset, they don’t like men who think that swearing is the only way they can express themselves.

    2. Being overly-dominant
    Most women want men who will protect them and make them feel safe–but they don’t want a dictator who tells them where to go, when to leave, who to talk to or what to wear. Dating a guy with a controlling nature can be pretty scary for women and will cause them to run from you very quickly.

    3. Their inability to commit
    It’s important for men to understand that when things begin to get serious, women tend to expect the two of you to become exclusive. Women hate being treated like a revolving door and being subjected to mind games, inconsistency and drama from a commitment phobic.

    4. Not being romantic
    Women want true romance along with the feeling of being emotionally connected to their men. Your girlfriend will easily become dissatisfied and will not even want to be touched by you once she senses that you only come around her for sex.

    5. Not keeping themselves up
    Although looks are not everything, women are not generally attracted to men with inadequate grooming, to include smelling bad, having bad breath, unkempt fingernails and wearing wrinkled clothing. Furthermore, not keeping yourself in shape shows women that you have little respect yourself and that you have no discipline, no motivation and no ambition.

    6. Being predictable
    Women absolutely hate predictable guys that never wan to do anything differently. They are attracted to spontaneous men who are unpredictable, untamed and successful with other women.

    7. Putting their friends first
    If you enjoy hanging out with the guys way more than you enjoy hanging out with your girlfriend and she can’t get you to stay home for some one-on-one time, there’s obviously something wrong.

    8. Constantly being argumentative
    Women hate dealing with guys that turn every conversation into an argument and constantly make them feel defensive and self-conscious.

    9. Checking out other women in front of them
    While it’s completely normal for guys to glance at other women (not excessively, but certainly now & then), it becomes a problem when a guy actually stares at other women and forgets that his girlfriend is actually standing right next him!

    10. Being needy
    Confidence and independence are very sexy traits in a man — insecurity and dependence are not. Women don’t want to deal with men who doubt themselves and need constant reassurance about their relationships, work and friendships.

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  • Asmara Became UNESCO’s World Heritage Site

    Eritrea's capital, Asmara, has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list today. The announcement came during the 41st session of the World Heritage Committee that's taking place in Poland. Asmara has been described as a "Modernist City in Africa."

     

    The European Union is contributing to the conservation of Asmara's unique cultural and architectural heritage, in the framework of the EU program for Local Authorities.

     

    The EU has, in fact, signed in December 2016 a 2 year's cooperation program with the Asmara Heritage Project (AHP), part of the Department of Public Works Development of the Central Region Administration (Zoba Maekel) aiming at building the capacity for safeguarding Asmara's historic urban environment.

     

    The EU-funded program included training, capacity building and awareness raising components and will also support the finalization of the Urban Conservation Master Plan, which is among the key recommendations of the World Heritage Committee.

     

    Candidature of the city of Asmara was submitted to the World Heritage List on the 1 February 2016 and Asmara's application has finally approved today on Saturday, July 8, 2017.

     

    Making the respected list is hugely important for Asmara, as it can prompt tourism to the city as well provide financial means for preservation. Nine natural, 16 cultural, and four mixed sites have been nominated for examination this year.

     

    The committee will also inspect the conservation of 108 existing World Heritage sites as well as the 48 sites on the World Heritage in Danger List.

     

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